The 2011 Census estimates the population of Reading at 155,700. This is a 9% increase on the 2001 census figure of 143,096 and a bigger change than between 1991 and 2001 when there was 7.1% increase in the Reading population.
|Population||Reading 2011||Reading 2001||Reading % change 2001 to 2011||Reading % change 1991 to 2001|
|0 – 14||28,500||25,100||13.5||0.8|
|15 – 19||9,800||9,000||8.8||3.4|
|20 – 29||29,700||29,700||0||-3.6|
|30 – 59||63,500||57,300||10.8||23|
|60 – 74||15,500||14,300||8.3||-7.7|
There have been significant increases in the 0-19 age groups, particularly the 0-14s. The 30-59 age group whilst increasing shows a slower rate of change than that over the previous 10 years. The 60-74 age group has increased by 8% compared to a decrease of 8% in 2001. There has been a slight decrease in the 75+ age group.
In broad terms Reading has a higher proportion of its population in the 0-4, 20-39 year age bands than the England (and the South East) average and a lower than average proportion in the 10-14 and 45+ age bands.
The total number of households is estimated at 62,900, an 8% increase since 2001.
Reading’s population has increased in ethnic diversity, and continues to have the second highest proportion of non-white ethnic groups in the South East after Slough. 35% of the population is now from a Black or Minority Ethnic group, an increase of 16% since 2001.
There has been a shift in Reading’s diversity over the 10 year period. Within the ‘white’ classification, ‘other white’ has increased from 6.2% to 9.4%. The Pakistani community (4.5%) are the largest non-white group, followed closely by ‘Indian’ (4.2%). The percentage of all Black and Minority Ethnic groups in Reading is higher than the national average.
|Ethnicity||Reading 1991||Reading 2001||Reading 2011||England 2011|
|White British||90.5% (total white)||80.6%||65.3%||79.8%|
|Other ethnic groups||0.9%||0.7%||1%||1%|
82.2% identify themselves as British wholly or partly compared with 91.6% nationally.
8.8% of households have no people in the household where English is a main language. This compares with 4.4% nationally.
14.8% (9,256) of households contain multiple ethnic groups compared to 8.9% nationally.
The changing nature of diversity in Reading is further described by the change in the top ten countries of birth of Reading residents (outside Great Britain). Poland moves into the top three having been outside the rankings in 2001. Zimbabwe, Ghana, Hong Kong and Nigeria move into the top ten whilst Barbados, Kenya, France, Italy and USA move out, having been in the top ten in 2001.
|Country||Placing in 2001||Number of people 2011||% of Reading population 2011|
|Republic of Ireland||1||1732||1.1%|
Following Christian and ‘no religion’, the largest religious grouping in Reading in Muslim at 7.1%. This is a 3.1% increase on 2001. The proportion identifying as Christian has declined by 12% since 2011 with no religion increasing by 7.5%. Buddhism and Hinduism also show an increase since 2001.
|Religion||Reading 2001||Reading 2011||England 2011|
|Religion not stated||8.7%||7.3%||7.2%|
|Health||Reading 2001||Reading 2011||England 2011|
|People with limiting long-term illness||13.5%||13%||17.6%|
|Provision of unpaid care: % persons||7.7%||8%||10.3%|
|People whose health is good||72.5%||85.5%||81.4%|
|People whose health is fairly good||21.1%||10.8%||13.1%|
|People whose health is not good||6.5%||3.7%||5.4%|
The percentage of the Reading population with no qualifications has decreased from 22.8% to 17.4% since the last census. This mirrors the national picture.
Reading residents achieving level 3 and level 4 qualifications has increased, with the most significant increase for those achieving level 4 and above, with a 6.5% increase from 2001 to 34.8%. This is above the level achieved for the South East (29.9%) and England (27.4%).
|Highest level of qualification||England 2001||England 2011||South East 2001||South East 2011||Reading 2001||Reading 2011|
|Level 1 qualifications||16.6||13.3||17.1||13.5||15||12.2|
|Level 2 qualifications||19.4||15.2||21.2||15.9||17.4||12.3|
|Level 3 qualifications||8.3||12.4||9.2||12.8||11.5||13.4|
|Level 4 qualifications and above||19.9||27.4||21.7||29.9||28.3||34.8|
Unemployment for all ages has increased in Reading, this reflects the national picture. The most significant increase has occurred in the long term unemployed with an increase from 0.6% at 2001 census to 1.9%.
|Unemployment age/category||England 2001||England 2011||South East 2001||South East 2011||Reading 2001||Reading 2011|
|Long term unemployed||1||1.7||0.2||1.3||0.6||1.9|
Part time employment has increased and full time employment decreased. The most significant increase has been for those who are economically active but unemployed from 2-5 to 4.6%. Those who are self employed have also increased.
|Economically active category||England 2001||England 2011||South East 2001||South East 2011||Reading 2001||Reading 2011|
|Employee – part-time||11.8||13.7||12.2||13.8||10.2||11.9|
|Employee – full-time||40.8||38.6||43.2||40.4||48.1||44.6|
|Economically inactive||England 2001||England 2011||South East 2001||South East 2011||Reading 2001||Reading 2011|
|Student (including full-time students)||4.7||5.8||4.2||5.2||7||8|
|Looking after home or family||6.5||4.4||6.5||4.4||5.6||4.6|
|Long-term sick or disabled||5.3||4||4.4||2.9||3||2.8|
Nationally, regionally and locally, the number of those working part time has increased and the percentage of the population working full time has reduced.
Working part-time is defined as working 30 hours or less per week. This applies to the number of hours a person aged 16 to 74 in employment in the week before the census worked in their main job, and includes paid and unpaid overtime.
|Hours worked||England 2001||England 2011||South East 2001||South East 2011||Reading 2001||Reading 2011|
|Part-time: 15 hours or less||8.3||9.6||8.1||10.3||7.5||9.5|
|Part-time: 16 to 30 hours||16.3||19.4||15.7||18.3||13.6||15.7|
|Full-time: 31 to 48 hours||59.1||57.6||57.5||56.8||64.6||63|
|Full-time: 49 hours or more||16.3||13.3||17.8||14.6||14.3||11.7|
Hours worked is the average number of hours worked a week for the last four weeks before the Census (29 April 2001).
Professional occupation types have shown the most significant increase since 2001, with 24.5% of the Reading population employed in this sector, well above the regional and England average of 18.7% and 17.5% respectively. The proportion og managers, directors and senior officials has reduced by 6% in Reading and by similar levels in the South East and nationally. Service occupations have increased and administrative occupations decreased. Other occupation types are reasonably static compared to 2001 census results.
|Occupation type||England 2001||England 2011||South East 2001||South East 2011||Reading 2001||Reading 2011|
|1. Managers, directors and senior officials||15||10.9||17||12.3||15||9|
|2. Professional occupations||11||17.5||12||18.7||16||24.5|
|3. Associate professional and technical occupations||14||12.8||15||13.8||15||13.5|
|4. Administrative and secretarial occupations||13||11.5||14||11.5||14||10|
|5. Skilled trades occupations||12||9.3||11||11.1||9||9|
|6. Caring, leisure and other service occupations||7||8.4||7||9.3||5||8.5|
|7. Sales and customer service occupations||8||7.2||7||7.9||9||9|
|8. Process, plant and machine operatives||8||7.2||6||5.7||6||5.1|
|9. Elementary occupations||12||11.1||10||9.7||11||11.4|
|Industry||England 2001||England 2011||South East 2001||South East 2011||Reading 2001||Reading 2011|
|A Agriculture, forestry and fishing (fishing reported separately in 2001)||1.5||0.8||1.4||0.7||0.6||0.1|
|B Mining and quarrying||0.2||0.2||0.2||0.1||0.2||0.3|
|D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply (2001 classification: people aged 16-74 in electricity, gas and water supply)||0.7||0.6||0.7||0.6||1.2||0.6|
|E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities (2001 classification: people aged 16-74 in electricity, gas and water supply)||0.7||0.7||0.7||0.7||1.2||1.1|
|G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motor cycles||16.9||15.9||16.3||15.6||16.3||15.5|
|H Transport and storage (2001 classification: transport, storage and communication)||7.1||5||8.1||5.2||9||4.6|
|I Accommodation and food service activities (2001 Classification working in Hotels and catering)||4.7||5.6||4.3||5||4.3||5.9|
|J Information and communication||4.1||5.5||11.1|
|K Financial and insurance activities||4.8||4.4||5.1||4.5||6.1||4.1|
|L Real estate activities (Working in Real estate; renting and business activities)||13.2||1.5||15.6||1.4||21.2||1|
|M Professional, scientific and technical activities (Not included in 2001 classification)||6.7||7.5||9.1|
|N Administrative and support service activities (Not included in 2001 classification)||4.9||5.2||5.7|
|O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security||5.7||5.9||5.9||6||4.7||4.7|
|Q Human health and social work activities||10.7||12.4||9.8||11.6||8.1||10.9|
|R, S, T, U Other||5.2||5||5.3||5.1||5||4.3|
Offices for National Statistics 2011 Census: Key Statistics for local authorities in England and Wales, published 11 December 2012
Notes: 2001 source tables presented in number format only