Public health and well-being

A wide range of factors have an impact on people’s health and wellbeing. For example, people on the lowest incomes are likely to have worse health and die younger than those who are better off. Those on higher incomes are statistically less likely to adopt unhealthy habits, such as smoking and being inactive, and are less likely to be diagnosed with associated health conditions. People from black and minority ethnic (BME) communities tend to have poorer mental health and have more difficulty in accessing mental health care than the majority of the population. Those living in areas in and immediately around town centres are more likely to be affected by road accidents or poor air quality, affecting quality of life, respiratory health and willingness to travel actively (walk or cycle) which can protect health.